Glossary, Dictionary, Abbreviations

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Antibodies against native gliadin peptides.

Entry link: AGA


A substance (protein) that can cause an allergic reaction.

Entry link: Allergen

Amino acid

Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins.

Entry link: Amino acid


Association of European Coeliac Societies.

Entry link: AOECS


This is a neurological sign characterized by lack of voluntary coordination of muscle movements that includes gait abnormality

Entry link: Ataxia


Proteins made by the immune cells against own body tissue during a disease.

Entry link: Auto-antibodies

Autoimmune liver disorder

In autoimmune liver disorders the body's immune system attacks the liver and bile ducts leading to impaired functioning of these organs.

Entry link: Autoimmune liver disorder

Autoimmune thyroid disease

Thyroid autoimmunity can manifest as excessive or reduced function of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland produces hormones that mainly influence metabolic rate and protein synthesis.

Entry link: Autoimmune thyroid disease



A class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism.The complex includes pantothenic acid, niacin, biotin, folic acid, riboflavin (vitamin B2), thiamin (vitamin B1), vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 (cobalamin).

Entry link: B-vitamin


The examination of tissue or cells removed from the body to study the presence, cause or extent of a disease. The examination is usually done under a microsocpe and in some cases with chemical analyses. There are different types of biopsies: in some, only very small tissue samples are needed, while sometimes larger tissue samples or a suspicious lump is removed entirely.

Entry link: Biopsy

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